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Title: Recovery Method for Emergency Situations with Hazardous Substances Emission into the Atmosphere
Authors: Кустов, М.В.
Калугін, В.Д.
Христич, О.В.
Гапон, Ю.К.
Keywords: artificial precipitation
emergency situation
hazardous substances
Issue Date: Aug-2021
Publisher: IIETA
Citation: International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering
Series/Report no.: 11;4
Abstract: The objective of this Article is development of a hazardous area extent reducing method in the atmosphere upon emergency situation occurrence with hazardous chemical and radioactive substances emission. To achieve the specified objective it is recommended to use deposition of gaseous, liquid and solid disperse hazardous particles from the atmosphere using artificial precipitation over a zone of emergency. For artificial intensification of precipitation, use of chemical and physical principles of impact on droplets formation processes in the area of clouds is proposed. A pyrotechnic composition was developed for chemical impact, which when combustion generates finely dispersed chemical centers of condensation and modifying components for hazardous chemical substances neutralization. Conducting the ionization of precipitation formation area by a strong impulse electromagnetic irradiation was proposed as a physical impact on the artificial precipitation formation processes. The laboratory study results confirmed the technical feasibility of this method implementation. To reduce the necessary radiator power, application of a multi-position radiators system with radiation focusing to one irradiation zone was proposed. The theoretical and experimental results obtained in the article are the base for development of emergency situation negative consequences reduction practical procedures through artificial precipitation initiation.
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