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Title: Fire resistance of reinforced concrete and steel structures: monograph
Authors: Sadkovyi, Volodymyr
Andronov, Volodymyr
Semkiv, Oleg
Kovalov, Andrii
Rybka, Evgenyi
Otrosh, Yurii
Udianskyi, Mykola
Koloskov, Volodymyr
Danilin, Alexander
Kovalov, Pavlo
Keywords: Fire resistance
fire resistance assessment method
fire protection
fire protective coatings
fireproof building structures
fire protection ability of coatings
fire temperature regimes
thermophysical characteristics
Issue Date: Dec-2021
Publisher: PC TECHNOLOGY CENTER Shatylova dacha str., 4, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61165
Abstract: The scientific bases of ensuring fire resistance of reinforced concrete and steel building structures in the conditions of modern extreme influences are laid. The current state of fire safety of buildings and structures, as well as approaches, methods and tools for its assessment are analyzed. Analysis of emergencies and fires in the world has shown that the vast majority of them occur in buildings and structures. It is shown that the cause of cat astrophic consequences and destruction is the non-compliance of the actual limit of fire resistance of building structures with regulatory requirements. This is due to the imperfection of methods and means of assessing the fire resistance of building structures, including fire-retardant. To overcome the shortcomings identified during the analysis, the paper develops physical and mathematical models of thermal processes occurring in the fire-retardant reinforced concrete structure. Based on the proposed models, a computational-experimental method for estimating the fire resistance of such structures has been developed. The efficiency of the proposed method was tested by identifying the relationship between the parameters of the fire-retardant plaster coating “Neospray” and the fire resistance of fire-retardant multi-hollow reinforced concrete floor. The study of fire resistance of steel structures is proposed to be carried out using reduced samples in the form of steel plates with dimensions of 500×500×5 mm. Based on the proposed models, a calculation and experimental method for estimating the fire resistance of steel structures, as well as an algorithm and procedures for its implementation have been developed. The verification of the efficiency of the proposed method was carried out in the ANSYS software package using the aged coating “Phoenix STS” and the coating “Amotherm Steel Wb” under heating conditions at the temperature of the hydrocarbon fire. The reliability of the developed models and methods is checked. It is established that random errors in temperature measurement significantly affect the accuracy of determining the thermophysical characteristics and limits of fire resistance. In general, the efficiency of the proposed calculation and experimental methods with sufficient accuracy for engineering calculations is confi
Appears in Collections:Кафедра пожежної профілактики в населених пунктах

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