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Authors: P. Ziarati
B. Farasati Far
E. Mashayekhi
B. Sawicka
Keywords: Zizyphus jujube
food waste
Issue Date: Mar-2019
Publisher: National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine
Citation: Technogenic and Ecological Safety
Series/Report no.: 5(1/2019);62-70
Abstract: Research was carried out to remove arsenic from synthetic AMD, raising the pH of the solution and using waste material for food processing by adsorbing arsenic to recover impurities. Arsenite can be quickly converted into arsenate, the more thermodynamically stable. Attention was paid to biomaterials, which are by-products or agricultural waste. Zizyphus seeds were used for this purpose as cheaper and often available food waste materials, due to the potential sorption capacity of arsenic. In order to clean the soils in contaminated towns and mining districts, establish its adsorption potential and enable food production in these areas, collective soil samples were taken from a depth of 0 – 40 cm from the area of 5 cities and 10 sub-regions of Anguran, province Zanjan in Iran. In the trials, the amount of As(III) and/or arsenate(V) in the soil was evaluated. Their content was tested using ICP-MS. The adsorption process was significantly dependent on adsorbent concentrations and also time. The efficiency and the complicated mechanism of the uptake of Arsenic ions onto the soils depend on the concentration of cellular surface of the Jujube seed powder and also the time of being interaction. 10 % of Jujube seed attained maximum removal all Arsenic ions in this study. Significant differences in decreasing toxic metal were observed among the time of 48 hours and 1 week in all concentrations of bio-adsorbent. The maximum adsorption of toxic metals varied between 80 and 90 % depending on the contact time, stirring action and concentrations of studied bio-adsorbent Ziziphus jujuba seeds. With higher biomass doses the removal efficiency of As was higher even at the same time of being contact. Authors suggest more studies on the mechanism in the next projects and utilizing other dead bio-masses.
ISSN: (Print) 2522-1892; (Online) 2522-1930
Appears in Collections:Науково-технічний журнал «Техногенно-екологічна безпека» 2019

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